Armed Guard Requirements in Michigan
The state of Michigan doesn’t require additional training to become an armed security guard. However, you need a permit to carry a weapon in Michigan. The law in Michigan is confusing in regards to open vs concealed carry. In general, to carry a gun in MI, most people get a Concealed Carry Permit.
However, as a armed security guard, you most often will open carry your employer issued weapon while on duty.
Also, MI has weapon free zones, such as schools and theaters, where no one is supposed to carry a weapon. There are several good Websites that dig into the nuances of the Michigan firearm laws, such as the Michigan Coalition for Responsible Gun Owners. However, your employer should thoroughly understand the weapon carrying and permit laws and educate you on these laws.
Employer Issued Firearms
When a private security police employer or private college security force employer issues you a firearm for the purpose of protecting the property of your employer, the pistol is considered the property of your employer. You can only have the firearm in your possession while you’re on duty. When you’re off duty, your employer retains custody of the firearm.
Open vs Concealed Carry
When working as an armed security guard you might be in one or two situations in MI, carrying a gun issued by your employer and carrying your own gun. Your employer may have rules in regards to whether or not it wants you to carry your own concealed weapon while on duty even if you are licensed to carry it.
Open Carry Permit
To purchase and legally possess a pistol in Michigan without a concealed pistol license, you as a prospective purchaser must successfully pass (70% or more) a basic pistol safety questionnaire and obtain a License to Purchase, which is valid for 10 days, from the local law enforcement agency. You then sign a notarized sworn statement that you meet the Michigan qualifications to purchase/obtain a pistol. When you purchase your gun, you and the seller complete the form. The License to Purchase, must be returned in person or by certified or first class mail to the local law enforcement agency within 10 days.
Concealed Carry Permit
If you work as a security guard, you can’t carry a concealed pistol without a Carrying Concealed Pistol (CCP) permit in Michigan even if your employer asks you to carry a concealed weapon on duty. You can only carry a pistol while on duty on the premises of your employer and only if it is exposed.
Your employer can prohibit you from carrying a concealed pistol while in the course of your employment with that employer.
It can take anywhere from 1-3 months from when you complete your CCP training, submit your fingerprints and your gun permit application until you receive your concealed weapon permit. The CCP 8-hour Pistol Safety Training Course consists of 5 hours of classroom and 3 hours of range firing).
Concealed Pistol License Requirements
Applicants for a Michigan Concealed Pistol License must:
- Be at least 21 years of age
- Be a citizen of the United States or an immigrant alien lawfully admitted into the United States
- Be a resident of the State of Michigan for at least 6 months prior to application. An applicant is a state resident if one of the following applies:
- The applicant possesses a valid, lawfully obtained Michigan driver’s license or state identification card
- The applicant is lawfully registered to vote in Michigan
- The applicant is on active duty status with the United States Armed Forces and stationed outside of Michigan, but Michigan is the home of record
- The applicant is on active duty status with the United States Armed Forces and is permanently stationed in Michigan, but the home of record is another state
- Note: The 6-month residency requirement may be waived by the concealed pistol licensing board for new residents licensed by another state.
- Have successfully completed a pistol safety training course
- Not be subject to any of the following:
- An order requiring involuntary hospitalization or alternative treatment
- An order finding legal incapacitation
- A finding of not guilty by reason of insanity
- Not be subject to a conditional bond release prohibiting purchase or possession of a firearm
- Not be subject to a personal protection order
- Not be prohibited from possessing, using, transporting, selling, purchasing, carrying, shipping, receiving, or distributing a firearm
- Have never been convicted of a felony in Michigan or elsewhere
- Have no felony charge pending in Michigan or elsewhere
- Have not been dishonorably discharged from the United States Armed Forces
- Have not been convicted of one of the following misdemeanors in the 8 years immediately preceding the date of application:
- Failing to stop when involved in a personal injury accident
- Operating while intoxicated, second offense
- Drunk driving, commercial vehicle
- Reckless driving
- Driving while license suspended or revoked, second or subsequent offense
- Operating aircraft while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance with prior conviction
- Hindering or obstructing certain persons performing official weights and measures duties
- Hindering, obstructing, assaulting, or committing bodily injury upon director or authorized representative
- Operating an ORV under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, second or subsequent offense
- Operating a snowmobile under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, second or subsequent offense
- Operating a vessel under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, second or subsequent offense
- Possessing a controlled substance, controlled substance analogue, or prescription form
- Operating a locomotive under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a controlled substance, or while visibly impaired
- Displaying sexually explicit matter to minors
- Assault or domestic assault
- Aggravated assault or aggravated domestic assault
- Breaking and entering or entering without breaking
- Fourth-degree child abuse
- Accosting, enticing, or soliciting a child for immoral purposes
- Vulnerable adult abuse
- Solicitation to commit a felony
- Impersonating a peace officer or medical examiner
- Illegal sale of a firearm or ammunition
- Illegal use or sale of a self-defense spray
- Sale or possession of a switchblade
- Improper transportation of a loaded firearm
- Failure to have a pistol inspected
- Accepting a pistol in pawn
- Failure to register the purchase of a firearm or a firearm component
- Improperly obtaining a pistol, making a false statement on an application to purchase a pistol, or using false identification to purchase a pistol
- Intentionally aiming a firearm without malice
- Intentionally discharging a firearm aimed without malice
- Possessing a firearm on prohibited premises
- Brandishing a firearm in public
- Possession of a firearm by an individual less than 18 years of age
- Intentionally discharging a firearm aimed without malice causing injury
- Parent of a minor who possessed a firearm in a weapon-free school zone
- Setting a spring gun or other device
- Possessing a firearm while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or a drug
- Weapon-free school zone violation
- Indecent exposure
- Fourth-degree criminal sexual conduct
- Reckless, careless, or negligent use of a firearm resulting in injury or death
- Careless, reckless, or negligent use of a firearm resulting in property damage
- Reckless discharge of a firearm,
- Not have violated a law of the United States, another state, or a local unit of government of this state or another state substantially corresponding to a violation described above.
- Have not been convicted of one of the following misdemeanors in the 3 years immediately preceding the date of application:
- Operating under the influence
- Refusal of commercial vehicle operator to submit to a chemical test
- Ignition interlock device reporting violation
- Circumventing an ignition interlocking device
- Operating a commercial vehicle with alcohol content
- Operating an aircraft under the influence
- Operating an ORV under the influence
- Operating an ORV while visibly impaired
- Operating a snowmobile under the influence
- Controlled substances
- Operating a locomotive under the influence
- Disorderly person
- False pretenses with intent to defraud
- Second-degree retail fraud
- Larceny, vacant building
- Larceny, by conversion
- Larceny, defrauding lessor
- Malicious destruction of property
- Malicious destruction of real property
- Receiving stolen property
- Malicious use of telephones
- Note: The applicant must not have violated a law of the United States, another state, or a local unit of government of this state or another state substantially corresponding to a violation described above.
- Have not been found guilty but mentally ill of any crime and has not offered a plea of not guilty of, or been acquitted of, any crime by reason of insanity
- Have never been subject to an order of involuntary commitment in an inpatient or outpatient setting due to a mental illness
- Not have a diagnosed mental illness at the time the application is made, regardless of whether he or she is receiving treatment
- Not be under a court order of legal incapacity in this state or elsewhere
- Not be detrimental to the safety of his or her self or any other person if issued a Concealed Pistol License
A Concealed Pistol License may not be issued to a person prohibited under federal law from possessing or transporting a firearm. The federal requirements to possess or transport a firearm include that the applicant:
- Not have been convicted in any court of, or under indictment for, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year (i.e. felony, or any misdemeanor punishable by more than 2 years)
- Not be a fugitive of justice
- Not be an unlawful user of, or addicted to, any controlled substance, as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act
- Not be adjudicated as a mental defective or who has been committed to a mental institution
- Not be an alien who is illegally or unlawfully in the United States
- Not be discharged from the United States Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions
- Not have renounced his or her citizenship
- Not be subject to a court order prohibiting harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or child of such intimate partner or from engaging in other conduct that would place the partner or child in reasonable fear of bodily injury.
- Not be convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence
CCP Pistol Training
The instructor for your pistol safety training course must be certified by a Michigan State or national organization. The Michigan Commission of Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) is the authorized state organization and the National Rifle Association (NRA) is an authorized national firearms training organization.
Retired Police Officer Exemption
For a concealed carry, you don’t need to attend an 8-hour concealed carry training program in order to obtain a CPL license.
Civilian Pistol Safety Training Course
Michigan Commission of Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES)’s CCW Civilian Pistol Safety Training Course Successful Completion Requirements. MCOLES CCW (carrying concealed weapon) or CCP (carrying concealed pistol) are the same. You Must:
- Participate in 100% of the classroom and range firing portion of the training.
- Pass the MCOLES 50 question written examination with a score of 70% or better. This examination is generated from a test bank of questions. The testing protocol is as follows:
C. Retest if necessary
D. Pass or Fail at 70%
- Pass the MCOLES basic pistol safe handling assessment that includes:
A. Inspection of the handgun to determine its loaded or unloaded status;
B. Safely handing the handgun from one person to another;
C. Securing the handgun using a locking device;
D. Correctly loading the handgun; and
E. Correctly unloading the handgun.
- Pass the MCOLES CCW or CCP basic pistol safety training assessment range courses. The course requirements are as follows:
A. The target for assessment of Section XI. B. is blank target that measures 25½ inches long by 11 inches wide (equivalent to stacking 3 – 11 inch x 8½ inch letter size paper vertically on a target backer).
B. Distance from shooter to target – 4 Yards
C. Time Limit – None
D. Shooting Position – Shooter’s choice (Note: Range or other factors may limit choices)
E. Starting Position – Ready Position
F. Number of Rounds – Five (5)
G. On the command to fire, the shooter aims at the target and fires until all 5 rounds have been fired.
H. Scoring – (100% ) all five (5) rounds must be within the confines of the paper (25½ inch by 11 inch boundary)
I. To successfully complete the range firing portion, the participant must complete tasks “G” and “H” 2 out of 3 attempts.